Type Of Insect

They destroy crop and cause disease to the environment.

Agricultural Herbicides Chemical

Selective systemic, A Non-selective Systemic foliar-applied Herbicide for the control of stubborn, annual and perennial grasses including Spear grass, Elephant grass, and members of the Cyperacecae family, in arable and plantation crops.

Pesticides Control

Stopping Chinch bugs, Borers, Aphids and Caterpillars

REARING OF ANIMAL

Animal-rearing has its origins in the transition of cultures to settled farming communities..

FARMING

PLANTATION OF CROP, LIKE MAIZE, TOMATOES, BANANA, CARROT. E.t.c.

Friday, 24 March 2017

Stick To A Healthy Lifestyle - How To Eat A Balanced Diet For Weight Loss


      What is the best diet for weight loss? If you search online and browse in bookstores, you'll find hundreds of them. But you have to be wary. A lot of them look attractive, but they might not be the healthiest option for you. There are many weight loss diet plans that tend to overcomplicate your eating and weight loss habits, too! What then is the best diet for weight loss that you should follow?

Cut Back Your Fat And Sugar Intake

First thing to consider is to apply the combination of eating healthy and at the same time curtailing your fat and sugar intake. More importantly, you should be physically active. An effective exercise routine should be part of your weight loss plan.

If you've been inclined on eating sugary and fatty junk foods and have limited physical activity, you basically need a change of lifestyle so that you will lose weight. Not that you have to do it drastically. Healthy weight loss needs you to adjust your healthy eating plan gradually. If you force and do it abruptly, dieting could be hard on your body. Likewise don't be too keen to overwhelm your body with heavy exercises at the beginning. Don't be so hasty in running a marathon if you've had zero exercise in the first place. In your diet and exercise plan to lose weight, take time to commence with it one baby step to the next at a time.

How to begin your diet for losing weight? Make a start by stopping your weight gain. That is, you should stop gaining weight first. Be careful with the foods that you eat. Restrict your consumption of sugars and fats. The best diet for weight loss includes a balanced diet. Take note that numerous fad diets do not fall into the category of balanced diets at all. Some of them would require you to eat too much of one nutrient, such as protein while skipping another important food group such as whole grains. Often, fad diets also cut out dairy foods in your meals. These diets are not filling and healthy.

Eat A Healthy And Balanced Diet- Change Your Lifestyle

Vegetables are part of a healthy diet and eating them will make you lose weight. However, see to it that your vegetable consumption can be a sustained eating habit and lifestyle. For a balanced diet to burn calories and shed pounds, prepare 3 servings of fruits and veggies, 2 servings of dairy foods (at least), 1 or 2 portions of meat and nuts and seeds for your meals.

In the process of losing weight, detoxify your body. Cut out your intake of fatty and sugary foods. While doing so after some time, you'll notice that you'll get rid and get used to skipping sweets and fatty foods wherein you'll feel you're as healthy as can be.

Apply The Magic Formula For Weight Loss- Burn Calories

Healthy weight loss is not all about dieting. To optimize your health and fitness program, you have to exercise. The magic formula for fast and healthy weight loss remains, and that is to burn more calories than you eat. Fifteen minutes of exercise a day is sufficient for an effective health and fitness program. You simply won't lose weight but will feel healthy and energized as well.

Make that decision to lose weight and be healthy. It's a wise decision that will affect the longevity and quality of your life. Adhere to a healthy and balanced diet for weight loss, exercise regularly and limit your consumption of junk food. You'll be healthier and happier and have the zest to succeed in life.

Tips To Burn Body Fat Effectively




Getting rid of fat is the dream of a lot of people, in fact many of them try to cut fat on a specific place on the body, they then devote their attention on a single part, when they should focus on exercising the whole body.

Living with fat on the body might seem without consequences, but the reality is that excessive presence of fat on your body can cause you many medical complications, diabetes, heart diseases, high cholesterol, hypertension, breast cancer etc, fortunately you can get rid of the fat on your body with some tips.

-Get enough sleep every night:
Most adults feel good after 7 or 8 hours of sleep. Sleeping less than five hours or more than eight hours each night can increase your risk of accumulating fat in your body if you are under 40, according to a US study. Getting a good quality and enough sleep, can also help you improve your mood and reduce your stress level. This also reduces your risk of accumulating fat because people under stress tend to have a high level of the hormone cortisol, which is related with the accumulation of fat.

-Burn calories with a daily exercising:
Just combine a cardio training with 20-30 minutes of weight training at least 2 times a week will help you burn the fat throughout your body. Add a goal of at least 30 minutes of jogging, swimming or any other exercise more than 5 times a week. Alternatively, aim to do at least 20 minutes of vigorous physical exercising (such as running) three days a week.

-Start cycling more often during the week:
Cycling is a very effective way to cut some fat throughout your body, it can also strengthen and tone your lower body. With an hour of cycling, you may burn between 500 and 1000 calories, depending on the speed and resistance.

Try those tips to cut some fat and stay in shape.

Program Yourself For A Successful Fat Burn process:

The idea of the program is to be able for you to develop a consistent approach to weight loss as well as a healthy endurance when exercising. Of course the objective of that program is to get rid of the excesses in your body, the excess fat. Not the healthy and lean muscle tissues and body fluids.

The program first requires your focus and dedication, so therefore you need to be prepared in both mind and � of course � body.

It is important that when starting on any weight loss program, one should be positive enough to work for the results. Some people get impatient easily but long term effects are assured as long as one sticks to the weight loss plan at hand.

Stretch, stretch and stretch some more. Before actually doing those exercises and working out those muscles, a little stretching is needed in order to avoid any injury or soreness in your body.

It is also not advisable for anyone to try too hard. Everything should be done in moderation. Find the level of exercise and training that suits you. It should be enough for you to be comfortable in but not too convenient that it will not be much of a challenge.

The first week:

The first day of the program involves a long and steady walk in a little over twenty minutes. After the walk, follow it up with a good stretch. This takes so little of your time for the first day. In less than an hour you have taken that first step to a weight loss program that could work to your advantage.

By the second day, it is good to focus on an upper body workout. This maintains your strength to be able to go through the whole program for the week. On the third day, a brisk walk or jog for ten minutes is in order. For beginners, a lower body workout should be done in the evening.

In the fourth day, a good rest is in order, as well as a good stretch. This lag time should be used wisely though to sort out any negatives in your mindset. The fifth day starts with a good ten minute walk. Exercise the lower body in four sessions of workouts, follow this up with another ten minute walk, and another four sessions of lower body workout.

The sixth day should be spent on a low impact exercise such as swimming. To avoid boredom, do not be afraid to try something new. The last day of the week is a time to solicit the support of the people you care about. Spend time with them or get them to be with you in your long walk. Again, follow up your walk with a light upper body workout.

This is just the beginning though. If by this first week you are able to stick to the program, you have a great chance to further boost your weight loss and stay with the plan until you achieve your desired result. Try as much as possible to be unlike the people who give up easily just because they could not see the result they want at the time they want � like this moment, today, now! Patience is a virtue. The same way it took your body time to gain all that weight, think about it as the time your body will have to exert just to get rid of it.

Sunday, 5 March 2017

Termite Fumigation Poison Gas Effectiveness

  Whole structure poison gas fumigation performed for complete termite eradication is a complex procedure. There are a number of critical steps that must be completely followed, in order to obtain a successful treatment. Commercial fumigators' know the detailed information needed for an effective treatment application to occur.
Most fumigation firms hire experienced, and highly educated, knowledgeable and licensed professionals. However; far too often, these professionals are forced to supervise and delegate the technically skilled responsibilities to uneducated laborers, who end up actually performing many of the important protocol treatment procedures. This is equivalent to, a hospital hiring an apprentice construction laborer to assist in administering anesthesia to patients during surgical operations. Obviously some patients will never wake up, while others will endure unwanted surgery pain. In both instances, the anesthesia administration fails.

Over application of poison gas during fumigation, does indeed effectively kill all the termites, but it also highly increases the risk of poisoning the occupants within days of re-entering the structure treated. Keep in mind, there is no antidote for gas poisoning and it often results in death. Likewise, if the amount of fumigate used is less than the amount labeled as needed, the treatment will not be 100% effective. In most cases, fumigation clients will never know if their fumigation was successful in eradicating the termites effectively, because the termites not killed, stop feeding on wood and instead feed on the carcasses of the dead. The period of carcass consumption can take months, and during that time, there is no longer any wood fecal matter being excreted at areas of prior infestation to indicate an active infestation. Upon completion of the colony carcass consumption, a wood diet will resume and the colony will thrive to reestablish itself.

The following are detailed procedures needed to assure effective termite fumigation. All of these procedures should be strictly adhered to, by an accredited fumigation professional to lessen the risk of treatment failure.

1. Customer should be educated about the fumigation process and all the limitations involved.

2. Properly advise customer and tenant, of all food and non food fumigation preparations.

3. Acquire an accurate cubic footage calculation of the area to be fumigated.

4. Conduct a full assessment of any items that may impact the fumigation.

5. Analyze all the factors that may hinder an effective treatment process.

6. Provide customer written disclosure of anticipated and unfavorable damages that may occur.

7. Offer the customer options to reduce unavoidable potential damages.

8. Employ workers who display strict fumigation treatment disciplines and honest work ethics.

9. Prepare applicable and favorable ground conditions around the structure.

10. Achieve a secure physical attachment of all tarp to maintain a controlled environment.

11. Establish an effective seal at ground level of the fumigation tarp to prevent gas escape.

12. Have a fumigation professional present during all stages of tarp, gas release and aeration.

13. Introduce the correct calculated measured amount of poison gas into the tarp and sealed structure.

14. Assure on site professional's proper use of gas level monitoring equipment.

15. Attain aeration to allow, safe re-occupancy by using a proper functioning gas analyzer.

16. Provide occupant a 24 hour contact phone number during and after job completion.

Whole structure fumigation for termite, has a high level of efficacy when correctly applied. Dry wood termite will die in about 3 days, when exposed to proper poison gas levels. If no evidence of termite becomes visually apparent for a 16 month period after the fumigation, then one can safely assume that the fumigation was effective.

Author is a retired structural pest engineer expert.

During his 30 years work in the industry he has just about seen and done it all.

Karl is also an active environmental advocate for the increased use of alternative no poison gas, no-chemical safe green treatment methods.

Monday, 26 December 2016

4 Tips For Animal Communication


      Can you communicate with your pet? Well, the answer depends on the love between you and your pet. We, humans, have the skill of interacting with animals, and that is the reason we are different from other creatures of the universe. As a matter of fact, the process of animal communication is part of the natural law. If you don't know how to communicate with animals, you may find the following tips helpful.

1. Start With You Own Pet

If you have a pet parrot, for instance, you should start with your pet. This is because you already have a connection with your pet, which will make it easier for you to connect with another animal. Keep an eye on how your pet behaves when he is angry, sad or hungry. This will give you a very good idea of their behaviors.

If you have just bought a pet, you should start by saying good morning to him in the morning when you meet him for the first time.

2. Wait For Their Response

Second, whenever you say something to your pet, wait for them to respond. Don't just keep on talking. This is just like you talk to a human friend and give them some time to reply. You should give the same opportunity to your animal as well. After all, they do need time to understand you and then give you a reply.

Usually, they will reply you in their own way. It could be a gesture, a whistle or a random word. At times, you may receive an image. After all, we all have different ways of sending, receiving and interpreting the information others give us.

3. Give Proper Responses

While chatting with someone on your phone, you will respond to their messages appropriately. You may give them a reply and start chatting with them or you may tell them that you are busy right now. In the same way, you should "reply" to your new pet as well. Say whatever you want and they will understand it.

If you don't respond to your friend, they will stop paying attention to you. In the same way, your pet won't pay attention to you if you stop responding to them. The worst animal communication mistake is to ignore your pet.

Do you feel like your pet has already given up? If so, you can reach out to them to restore the connection once again. You have to make the phone call.

4. Communicate with other animals

As soon as your pet gets familiar with you, you should keep giving time to them. Now, you are ready to communicate with other animals as well. Your pet is your family. You should treat them well. If you are alone, don't just sit in your home. Sit with your pet and talk to them. Look in their eyes and say whatever you want to say with love. You will enjoy a lot in their company, and they will enjoy themselves too.

Sunday, 8 November 2015

Step By Step Guide To Produce Liquid Soap


Liquid soap use in Nigeria is on the high use presently as many prefer to use it to wash cloth and kitchen utensils because it requires less energy. Liquid soap production in Nigeria is a good business one can venture into with less capital and start making huge money with few months. The process of formulating liquid soap remains as that of the other solid soap only
that it exist as liquid. The base of the product is water. The quantity of water that is required for the production of a given volume of detergent is relatively high. It is necessary to have a good source of water supply when you want to venture into liquid soap production. In this post I will be sharing with you a step by step guide on how to produce liquid wash for home use or for the public.

Requirement For Liquid Soap
Mixing bowl
Buckets
Hand glove
Wooden spoon
Container
Water
Chemicals
1.  Picaro or antisol                                                             1kg
2.  Foaming                                                                          1kg
3.  Soda ash                                                                          2kg
4.  Surphuric acid                                                                 2litres
5.  Formaline
6.  Colour
7.  Perfume or fragrance
Method
  • Mix Picaro or antisol(1kg) and foaming (1kg) together with 60litres of water
  • Mix soda ash 2kg and surphuric Acid together with 4olitres of water
  • After mixing (1 and 2) and (3 and 4) together separately, wait for at least 2days for the chemicals to ferment, then join the mixture in A and B together and mix very well. The thickness or lightness depends on the amount of water you eventually use.
  • Add preservative-formaline ¼ litres
  • Add colour- Water Green to taste
  • Add perfume or fragrance to taste
  • Mix thoroughly
  • Fill your cans or containers as necessary.
  • Your liquid soup is ready for use or for sale.
For 15litres of water
1.  Antisol                   1 tin milk
2.  Foaming                1 tin milk
2.  Soda Ash                1 tin milk
3.  Sulphonic acid       ½ litres
4.  formalin                3covers of lacasera
5.  colour                     As deep as you want
6.  Perfume                 5 covers of lacasera
  • Mix antisol or picaro (1 tin milk) and foaming (1 tin milk) together with 9litres of water
  • Mix soda ash (1  tin milk) and surphuric acid (1/2 litres ) together with 6litres of water
  • After mixing (1 and 2) and (3 and 4) together separately, wait for at least 2days for the chemicals to ferment, then join the mixture in A and B together and mix very well. The thickness or lightness depends on the amount of water you eventually use.

Wednesday, 21 October 2015

Farm Tools And Their Uses

FARM TOOLS
Farm tools are instruments we use in the farm to aid us in farm work, thereby making it easy. Such equipments include cutlass, wheel barrow hoe, shovel and axe.

PICK AXE
The pick axe is made up of a long wooden handle with a double headed thick metal blade that is attached to the handle through a loop.

The head of the pick axe is made up of two edges, one part of the end of the blade is pointed, while the other end is flat and sharp edged. They are mainly used for breaking up of hard soil, and digging up of roots and tree stumps.

HAND FORK
When it is viewed, the hand fork, looks like the kitchen fork we eat with, just that it is a little bit bigger, it has a short wooden or metal handle with four prongs. It is used in mixing manure into the soil, for breaking the surface of the soil, so that air and water, can pass easily and it is also used for the removal of weeds on the seed bed.

HAND TROWEL
It is boat shaped or it is either curved sloop metal blade that is attached to a short wooden or metal handle. When using it, you hold it with one hand. It helps in the transplanting of seedlings, for the application of fertilizer and also for the application of manure to the soil, it helps in loosening vegetable beds, it can also be used for light weeding, sampling or mixing up of soil and digging holes for the planting of seeds.

THE SICKLE
The sickle has a curved metal blade that is fitted into a short wooden handle. The inner part of the curved metal blade is very sharp while the other part, has a blunt edge.

To recognise a sickle when been viewed, it has a structure like that of a question mark (?). It used in the plucking of fruits. This can only be possible, when it is tied to a long handle, it can also be used to harvest cereals like rice, wheat barley because they possess thin stems. It can also be used in the harvest of grasses.

THE HAMMER
It is made up of a thick heavy metal head that is fitted into a straight wooden or metal handle. At the end of the thick heavy metal there is a prong which is used for the removal of nails. The hammer can be used for driving nails into wooden structures whether in the farm or at home, it can also be used to straighten damaged or bent components of either farm implements or our home furnitures. It can also be used in the removal of nails from wood.

THE MALLET
It is made up of a large head with a wooden handle that is similar to that of a hammer. The entire body is made up of wood. It is solely used for the hitting of woods like pegs, so that they would not be damaged in the process, when they are been hit into the ground.

SECATEURS
The secateurs are made up of two metal blades of which one has a concave curve while the other has a convex curve that are joined together at a point. It has two short metal handles with a spring in between them when handling it; you handle with one hand, while the plant branch to be cut is held with the other free hand.

To recognise the secateurs it looks like a pair of scissors. It is used for trimming flowers and the pruning of the branches of shrubs and trees.

THE SHEARS
It is seen as a pair of an enlarged pair of scissors with two long blades, connected at a appoint by a bolt and a nut of which the blades are sharpened at one edge not the two sides in other not to injure some one.

The handle of the shears may be made of wood, metal, plastic or rubber. It is usually handled with both hands. Shears are used to prune down trees or branches of shrubs, trimming of hedges and trimming of Ornamental plants used in house decoration.

WATERING CAN
It is made up of galvanized iron which prevents it from rusting. Some are also made of very synthetic rubber. The water watering can is made up of a tank, a handle and a spout. This spout is long with a perforated metal sheet over its mouth which is referred to as the ROSE, but in case of the rubber made watering can the mouth is covered by a rubber.

It is used to apply water to crops like seedlings in a nursery and vegetables. Some times it is used in applying liquid fertilizers to crops as well as the watering of cement blocks used for the constructions of structures and buildings.

CUTLASS
The cutlass is one of the commonest used farm tools in Nigeria. They come in various shapes and sizes. It is a flat long metal blade with a short wooden or plastic handle with one edge sharp while the other is blunt.

They perform many functions. It is used for the clearing of bushes around your homes, for the felling of big trees. It is used in harvesting crops like sugar cane, maize, cassava, yam and palm nut fruits. It is also used in the planting of melon during the planting season, cutlass can also be used for the transplanting of seedlings, weeding of crops, both in the digging of shallow holes and used in the trimming and pruning of flowers.

THE HOE
Hoe comes in different types, which are used in Nigeria today. There is the West African hoe and the Indian hoe. They both have metal blades with a wooden or metal blades.

Hoes are used in tilling the soil, harvesting of crops like cassava, sweet potato and cocoyam, weeding between the rows of crops, digging of drains, making trenches and foundation of farm houses, and the making of ridges and mounds.

The hoes all over the world perform the same function but we are going to differentiate them the West African hoe is made of short curve handle while the Indian hoe has a long handle.

The West African hoe has a round metal blade while the Indian hoe has a rectangular metal blade. The blade (metal) is attached to the handle with a prong while that of the Indian hoe is attached to the handle with a hoop.

THE SPADE
The spade is made up of a long rectangular flat blade which is attached to a fairly long cylindrical handle that widens at the posterior end to form a triangular block with a D-shaped whole for hand when used.

Spade is used for different proposes. It can be used for digging of holes and trenches around us, for leveling the ground, for making seedbeds, ridges, mounds and heaps, transplanting of seedlings like palm oil seedlings, turning the soil and the mixing of manures, light weeding in the farm and at home, mixing of cement and concrete for farm and home structures and the digging of foundations when constructing farm and home buildings.

Basic Gardening Tools and Equipment You'll Need

    Before you start your home garden activities, it's a must to provide yourself with the needed tools and equipment in your nursery. These tools and equipment must be available all the time to make your gardening works easy and convenient.

You can work peacefully and efficiently if you have a complete tools and equipment in your nursery. You would not be worrying where to borrow because you have a complete sets of them always at hand when eventualities so arises.

You don't need big amount to start collecting your tools and equipment. You can visit some agriculture stores for garden tools and buy at bargain those that are not so costly, especially during yard sales. As a gardener, you've to follow this slogan " Use the Right Tool to the Right Job" to make your gardening work successful.

Some Basic Tools and Equipment

• Shovels - A round-ended shovel should be preferred for digging especially for planting trees and smaller shrubs.

• Garden Hoes - A garden hoe is useful for weeding and cultivating soil surfaces to allow for deeper plant root penetration of nutrients and water.

• Bow Rake -Provide a good heavy duty bow rake, which has short tines on one side attached to a metal frame or 'bow.' This tool is vital for leveling the soil to make it ready for planting, or for removing large clods of earth or rocks from the soil.

• Spading Forks - The spading fork is needed to open and improve the soil. It looks like a pitchfork but has a shorter handle and wider tines. It is used to dig down into hard soil and break up the ground.

• Dull Bolo - This tool is common in the Philippines, its uses is similar with a garden used for weeding and cultivation.

• Sharp Bolo - A sharp bolo is used to cut some grasses and small branches or generally for clearing operations prior to soil cultivation.

• Garden shears - Select a pair of garden shears that fits comfortably in your hand. Shears, sometimes called clippers, are used for pruning, shaping and removing foliage or branches.

• Garden Hose - Hose is necessary to water your garden. Depending on how much there is to water a sprinkler is also a good addition to the watering garden equipment list.

• Sprinkler Can - This is essential for watering your plants. Long nozzles allow the water to come out at a very gentle flow rate and are useful for reaching across long distances. Select a watering can that has a detachable spray head - this type of watering can is perfect for watering young seedlings.

• Hand Sprayer - Hand sprayer is useful for spraying some minor insect pests that are easily managed for minor insect attack in the garden.

• Spade - Similar to shovel, but it has a square end point used for digging and making a straight plots and beds.

• Carts and wheelbarrows - are necessary to transfer some gardening tools and equipment used in your garden works. Some other uses for carts and wheelbarrows are to collect and remove your full grown vegetables from your garden and carry dirt's and grass clippings away from the garden. • Garden Pruner - When you want to shape and cut back longer plants you will use the pruner garden tool. Pruners come in two styles. One is the bypass style and the other is the anvil. Pick up a couple of varieties to see which style is best for you. Pruners that have changeable blades and parts that are possible to sharpen will assist in extending the life of this piece of gardening equipment.

• Garden Trowel - A garden trowel is also used for weeding and cultivation. Select the one with a steel blade to make it last longer in use. There are different types of handles to choose from. You can either select the one with rubber handles that make them easier to grip while using them and there are some that are designed to relieve stress from your wrist during use.

There are still some equipment to be purchased in your gardening operations, but these tools and equipment mentioned are the basics you should purchase. If you have already your bigger capital, Roto-tiller or Tractor is also important in your garden. For the meantime, be satisfied with the basic garden tools and equipment identified, you can already start you garden operations. Happy gardening!