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Wednesday, 14 November 2018

Taking advantage of season to make money

    We should understand what season is, statistician use is to makes use of what they call time series. Time series is a group or sequence of values of a variable recorded  in a CHRONOLOGICAL order as the observation are made at specified often regular interval of time.

Types of time series
1. The trend.
2. Seasonal variation.
3. Cyclical variation.
4. Irregular variation
The most important things here is to understand how to make money with seasonal variation.

Seasonal variation: these are the identical pattern which a time series appears to follow during a successive corresponding months (or quarters) of successive years. These movements re-occur regularly during specific periods of the year, depending on the seasons of the year, e.g.
Some recurring events like
Christmas ( sales of poultry product like chicken, turkey, etc. and sales of greeting cards during festivals)
Air tickets
The supply of fresh maize.
Yams festival.
And other agricultural products follow seasonal patterns.

Following basic procedure, to make fast living and be self employ is accepted by examples listed. People makes more money by selling greeting cards but, I choose it as addition because is not everybody that will purchase, but no one can avoid food. 

At Christmas, Easter and at some festival occasions, chicken, turkey was the main item on the menu. And the preference was for live, home-slaughtered chicken.

In order to take full advantage of this peculiar preference of the market, poultry farmers timed their production schedules to coincide with the festive season’s peak demand.

If you went around the food markets in the days preceding Christmas or Easter, you would see busy customers at the chicken vendor’s makeshift stands, bargaining and carrying the prized bird’s home. 

The high sales of chicken and turkey come every Christmas or Easter.
Ways to make money with chickens, turkey in every festival
If you own poultry and if you don’t own poultry you can make bulk sales of chicken or turkey and sell in your own price.
1. Many office workers would be busy, or want to avoid the market hustle, you can create awareness on how to make order and deliver at their work places.
2. Makeshift chicken stands at the front of your house or rent a piece of land, because is not everybody that will visit the market to buy. They will surely patronize you, when they found you are selling and when what you sell satisfied them.
Conclusion: Taking advantage of season to make money, but to think about business is the best. Thanks for reading.

Thursday, 8 November 2018

Egg Laying - What Are the Best Chicken Breeds for Eggs?

Choosing a breed of chicken for eggs is not that hard of a choice if you know what you're looking for. You only need to ask yourself a few easy questions. Do I need white or brown eggs? Do I need a pet or livestock? How much space do I have? Do I want to hatch more chickens?

Hybrid / Golden Comet

If you are looking to get the most out of your effort, hybrid chickens like the Golden Comet have been specially bred to eat less food and produce more eggs. The comet isn't the only hybrid chicken but it is definitely the most popular. These hybrid chickens lay about 280 medium sized brown colored eggs per year. Hybrids are tough little creatures that are more resilient to infection and disease compared to other chicken breeds. The downside is these birds rarely turn broody so if you're looking to hatch new chickens from the eggs this breed is probably not the best choice.

Rhode Island Red's (RIR's)

RIR's lay about 250 medium brown eggs per year. This breed is the most popular amongst backyard chicken and first-time chicken owners. Reds are known as the multi-purpose bird. These birds are known for taking care of themselves. Reds are docile friendly chickens that farmers use for meat and eggs, besides their beautiful coloring, this is the reason they are so popular.


Foghorn Leghorn, still a funny cartoon. Other than their brilliant white stance, that cartoon is probably the reason they are still so popular to this day. Many people believe that Leghorns originated in America, unfortunately, this is not true. This breed was brought to the United States in the 1800's and has been a popular farm bird ever since. Leghorn chickens originated in Italy and lay about 250 medium white eggs per year. This breed is not known to be aggressive but Leghorns aren't known to be friendly either. They are a skittish breed that isn't really easy to tame because of their shy nature.


The Maran chicken breed is well known for its dark brown eggs and its excellent meat quality. These birds lay about 200 medium sized eggs per year. Marans require very little space to roam because they like to stay close to home. They are known to be very gentle birds but, are not that easy to tame due to their shyness. So this breed wouldn't make the best pet without a lot of work handling and spending time with it. Still, a pretty bird, an "eggcellent" egg layer and meat bird. A great addition to any farm or flock too!

Buff Orpington

Last but far from the least the Buff Orpington breed of chicken. The Orpington are docile birds that make a great garden and friendly pets. These birds love to socialize and will hang out with you and eat food from your hand without much effort. Buff's have a thick layer of yellowish golden feathers and lay about 180 regular sized and white eggs a year. This breed is known for becoming broody and makes a great hatching hen. The excellent broodiness of this breed is the reason the buff lays slightly fewer eggs per year.

What is the best chicken breed for eggs?
In conclusion, the best breed of chicken for eggs depends on what your needs are. Do you need a broody hen? The Orpington is perfect. The Golden Comet chicken is perfect if you need a lot of eggs with minimal effort and food. Rhode Island Reds if you're looking for a friendly pet. The Maran chicken breed is your choice if you have limited space. Do you need only white eggs? Leghorns produce the best quantity of medium sized white eggs.

Sunday, 4 November 2018


Some tools used in the farm are: 
1. Cutlass 
2. Hoe 
3. Garden fork 
4. Hand fork 
5. Trowel 
6. Rake 
7. Shears 
8. Secateurs 
9. Sprayers 
10. Watering can 
11. Sickle 
12. Axe 
13. File 
14. Head pan 
15. Wheel barrow 
16. Spade 
17. Shovel 
18. Mattock 
19. Mallet 
20. Tapping knife 
21. Dibber 
22. Plier 
23. Spanner 
24. Screw driver


Top Tips for Selecting Quality Agricultural Tools

            If you're in farming, then budgets are likely to be tight and you'll often be looking for economies. That's virtually "business as usual" in agriculture.

However, one area you might not want to cut spending corners in is that of your tools. There might be little point in purchasing prestige items like for example Krone hay equipment if you then put that at risk by trying to maintain it with cheap tools.

So, here are some top tips for selecting quality tools.

1. Look for recognised quality brands. If they've been around a long time and have a reputation for quality, then they're clearly doing something right. Be prepared to pay a little extra, if necessary, for that reassurance.

2. Learn a bit about metal descriptions. For example, if terms such as "HSS" or "Chrome Vanadium" don't mean much to you, you should research them and other such technical designators. That's because tool producers often use such designations to describe the quality of the metallurgy they use. Note that metal hardness isn't always necessarily the only criterion behind selection - read up on that too.

3. Be certain you understand how different tools function and which one is right for the job. Most professional farmers or farm workers will have a good understanding of this but it's still possible to see people using a totally inappropriate tool for the job. That can be dangerous and put at risk what you're working on and perhaps any warranties you might have in place. In this sense, quality means "select tools that are fit for purpose".

4. If you're buying tools with a brand name you've never heard of, research them on the internet first. Try to find out where the manufacturer is based and get objective feedback on their products. Be alert to fraudulent sponsored feedback designed to mislead. You can often spot that by repetitious phraseology used in feedback comments, such as "exceptional value tools", "truly exceptional quality items" and "an excellent product" all used by supposedly different purchasers in quick succession.

Look out also for feedback that is overly gushing (using lots of superlatives) and that which is left in a language that's clearly not the native language of the supposed customer concerned. Finally, most legitimate positive feedback is usually terse, such as "good buy and I'm very pleased". Be suspicious about lots of positive feedback that goes into unnecessary detail - it might suggest the reviewer is being paid by the word and is working too hard to prove their worth.

5. Purchase tools that offer a money-back guarantee. Use a credit card or other payment mechanism that offers you a degree of protection should you demand your money back. That means avoiding cash or cash transfer payment mechanisms.

6. Be very cautious with offers that look too good to be true. Some producers do offer loss-leaders when they're getting started and that can lead to real bargains but it can also signify that a manufacturer is cutting corners big time on quality.

Good luck with your purchase!

Saturday, 3 November 2018

Bed Bug Treatment: Two Ways to Kill Bed Bugs

             Bed bugs are known as one of the most hated household pests. They can cause much discomfort including insomnia, psychological problems and allergic reactions.

Their cryptic habits and ability to hide in cracks and crevices make it extremely difficult to kill them. No single treatment can kill bed bugs. You need a range of treatments to kill bed bugs two of which are cold treatment and fumigation.

The insect cannot withstand extreme temperatures. Studies have shown that the pest die within 30 minutes of being exposed to temperature at -17°C (1.4°F) - the freezing point for the insect.

There are 3 freezing techniques: cold freezer, a naturally cold environment and frozen CO2. In each case, the temperature must be at least -17°C. If your home freezer can reach this temperature it is a good way to kill bed bugs on fabric sensitive to extreme heat.

Wrap the object into a sheet, towel or other types of absorbent material that collects condensation. Place the wrapped object into a plastic bag, extract the air from the bag and seal it tightly.

Place the object into the freezer for at least 2 weeks. Avoid defrosting freezers because they are very dry and don't maintain steady temperature in their cycle. Do not freeze objects made of layers of paintings, lacquer ware, ivory or photograph. Objects consisting of one material such as wool or wood are ideal.


Cryonite is the main CO2 product in the market designed to kill bed bugs. Cryonite freezes the fluid in the insect's cells and cause instant death. The cells crystallise when the insect cools to -20 °C to -30 °C. The snow is -78.8°C (110°F). CO2 snow evaporates and becomes CO2 gas when it hits surfaces at normal temperature.

Cryonite is available to rent or purchase. You don't need a license to operate it.


a. It freezes the pests in hard-to-reach areas such as cracks and crevices.

b. It kills bed bugs quickly.

c. It kills the insect at all stages in the life cycle.

d. It leaves no messy residues and it requires no drying time.

e. It can be used on any surface. The cold does not penetrate the material.

f. CO2 in Cryonite is non-toxic.

g. It flushes the insects from the harbourage and makes them easy target for the vacuum's nozzle.

h. Infested items that cannot handle extreme heat and is not sensitive to moisture are perfect to treat with Cryonite.

i. Deep freezing is a quick DIY treatment.

j. Freezing with Cryonite takes a short time to kill bed bugs.


a. Freezing has no residual effect.

b. The pests can re-infest.

Health and safety issues

Read the instructions carefully before using the Cryonite unit. Be very careful with the snow. It can reach temperature of -110�F. This can burn the skin.


In extremely severe infestation, fumigation is the best bed bug treatment. This bed bug treatment kills the pests at all stages in the life cycle. Fumigation gases remains in the air and are easily spread over a wide area.

Ethylene oxide (ETO), a gaseous fumigant used in libraries in the 1980s, cause serious health problems to workers. Studies have shown that ETO can alter the physical and chemical properties of paper, parchment and leather.

Residual ETO remains in untreated material that causes off-gassing toxins. Lethal fumigants include methyl bromide, sulphur dioxide, propylene oxide, sulfuryl flouride and aluminum phosphide. Asphyxiants such as carbon dioxide and liquid nitrogen are classified as fumigants.

There is heavy reliance on fumigation treatment, especially in severe infestation since the insects are developing resistance to household pesticides.


a. Kills bed bugs at all stages in the life cycle.

b. Can be applied to the whole room.

c. It is the ideal treatment for severe infestation.


a. It has no residual effect.

b. It is the most toxic of all pesticides.

c. The pests can re-infest after the treatment subsides.

This treatment is very expensive and you need to hire special equipment to fumigate a whole room. However, when the treatment is done properly it is guaranteed that all the insects in the infested area will die.

Characteristics of a Snake

                  A snake has been on the earth for over 130 million years. Without limbs, it can climb, swim and sometimes fly. Some have a deadly bite that can kill a human. In religion, it was the animal that tempted Adam and Eve.

Of the 2700 known species, each share three common traits. It has a thin, linear limbless body, eats meat and is cold blooded. Its organs are linear in its body with the brain and sensory organs in the head. It has an inner ear which detects sound from sound waves hitting its skin. It cannot detect colors but can see images. Some have pit organs that can detect heat sources used for night hunting warm bloodied animals. It does not have a sense of taste but can smell odors. When it flicks its tongue, it gathers in air particles to assist in sensing odors.

It reaches lengths from 4 inches to 30 feet with hundreds of vertebrae making it very flexible. Its skin is elastic covered with scales. It will shed its skin many times during its lifetime. It reaches maturity from 1 to 9 years and can live from 4 years to over 25 years.

It moves using ventral scales on its underside which grip the ground and move it forward. It has four basic movements. Serpentine used by most snakes on land and water where it contracts its muscles into side by side curves and using its scales to propel forward. Sidewinding, a variation of the serpentine where it uses only two ground contact points. Caterpillar where the curves are up and down and above the ground. Concertina used for climbing, where the ventral scales grip the surface and it springs forward to regrip the surface.

It has an expandable jaw and can swallow prey larger than itself whole. It drenches its prey with saliva and crushes it with its muscles. Some snakes inject its prey with venom using its fangs to subdue it.

The venomous types which account for 20% of all snakes have 2 hollowed front teeth called fangs to allowed the poison to pass through. The venom contains one of three toxins. Neurotoxin which seizes the nerves centers and stops breathing. Cardiotoxin which attack the heart causing it to stop. Hemotoxin which causes blood vessels to rupture. Other snakes squeeze its prey by applying pressure of up to 12 pounds per square inch causing the lungs and heart to stop working.

It has been found in mythology and popular culture. It has been featured in books and movies. "Snakes on a Plane" and "Indiana Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark" have depicted it as an animal to fear. It also has been used as symbol of evil societies. In gardening and agriculture, it plays an important role in controlling insects.

The Advantages of Snake Repellers

            They will lay eggs, steal your food, harm your animals, shed and pass other kinds of waste that you will have to cleanup. These are not paying tenants and even if they were they would still be a nuisance. These pests are very dangerous and some species can kill you or your animals. They devalue property and threaten the sustainability of farm life. They are a danger to children and represent the core of many nightmares. These are snakes and the best way to get rid of them is with a snake repeller.

You need not worry about harming the creature or the environment for that matter as snake repellers do come in humane and environmentally friendly types. There are also fences, chemicals and electronic devices that are used to keep snakes away or to get them off property. One can see the obvious benefit to using a snake repeller but there are many underlying advantages to snake repellers as follows:

Keeps the snakes safe

Snake repellers removes snakes form areas where they are not wanted or prohibits them from entering. This is as great a benefit to the snake as it is to the user of the snake repeller. The snake can go on to nest and find food in a habitat that is more suitable for the sustainability of its life. If snakes enter a property and are not wanted it is very likely that they would be killed. Redirecting snakes away from homes, farms and other areas that are not suitable for them gives them the opportunity to have longer lives and nest in an area more appropriate to their sustainability.

Reduce the loss in animals or produce

It is true that some snakes are deadly and some eat in large quantities. This can result in the loss in income from produce if you own a farm. Snakes attack when they feel threatened as do many other animals. The farm animal in reaction to the presence of a snake may react either in fear or attacking and fall to the poisonous bite of the snake. Imagine if there are several snakes nesting on your property how difficult it would be to have sustainable livestock. You must also bear in mind that snakes do also eat and the vegetation on a farm not only provides great nesting and hiding places but also an advantageous access to food for snakes who eat rodents and other small creatures that find homes in the cover of the bushes. These snakes will also eat eggs and the bigger they are the larger the animal that they can consume.

Helps you to rest easily

With snake repellers in place you can rest easily that you will not be waking up beside a snake. You will no longer have to be concerned about snakes coming onto your property and disturbing your daily lives. Your pets and children will be safe to play in the yard and you won't have to worry about cleaning up droppings or other resonance of the presence of a snake on your property. All the stress of worrying about the activities that may take place if a snake was to come on your property or sleepless nights laying watch for the snake that was sighted earlier in the day will go away. Your snake repeller would have done the job of getting rid of that snake nuisance and you would have moved on to focusing on more relaxing daily activities.

It is key to note the effectiveness of the repeller that you choose by looking at reviews, details of use and how it applies its effectiveness in your area. Snake repellers like many other items work when they are used properly. And where replenishing is required, you have to be on top of that to ensure the effectiveness of your snake repeller.