Type Of Insect

They destroy crop and cause disease to the environment.

Agricultural Herbicides Chemical

Selective systemic, A Non-selective Systemic foliar-applied Herbicide for the control of stubborn, annual and perennial grasses including Spear grass, Elephant grass, and members of the Cyperacecae family, in arable and plantation crops.

Pesticides Control

Stopping Chinch bugs, Borers, Aphids and Caterpillars


Animal-rearing has its origins in the transition of cultures to settled farming communities..



Sunday, 8 November 2015

Step By Step Guide To Produce Liquid Soap

Liquid soap use in Nigeria is on the high use presently as many prefer to use it to wash cloth and kitchen utensils because it requires less energy. Liquid soap production in Nigeria is a good business one can venture into with less capital and start making huge money with few months. The process of formulating liquid soap remains as that of the other solid soap only
that it exist as liquid. The base of the product is water. The quantity of water that is required for the production of a given volume of detergent is relatively high. It is necessary to have a good source of water supply when you want to venture into liquid soap production. In this post I will be sharing with you a step by step guide on how to produce liquid wash for home use or for the public.

Requirement For Liquid Soap
Mixing bowl
Hand glove
Wooden spoon
1.  Picaro or antisol                                                             1kg
2.  Foaming                                                                          1kg
3.  Soda ash                                                                          2kg
4.  Surphuric acid                                                                 2litres
5.  Formaline
6.  Colour
7.  Perfume or fragrance
  • Mix Picaro or antisol(1kg) and foaming (1kg) together with 60litres of water
  • Mix soda ash 2kg and surphuric Acid together with 4olitres of water
  • After mixing (1 and 2) and (3 and 4) together separately, wait for at least 2days for the chemicals to ferment, then join the mixture in A and B together and mix very well. The thickness or lightness depends on the amount of water you eventually use.
  • Add preservative-formaline ¼ litres
  • Add colour- Water Green to taste
  • Add perfume or fragrance to taste
  • Mix thoroughly
  • Fill your cans or containers as necessary.
  • Your liquid soup is ready for use or for sale.
For 15litres of water
1.  Antisol                   1 tin milk
2.  Foaming                1 tin milk
2.  Soda Ash                1 tin milk
3.  Sulphonic acid       ½ litres
4.  formalin                3covers of lacasera
5.  colour                     As deep as you want
6.  Perfume                 5 covers of lacasera
  • Mix antisol or picaro (1 tin milk) and foaming (1 tin milk) together with 9litres of water
  • Mix soda ash (1  tin milk) and surphuric acid (1/2 litres ) together with 6litres of water
  • After mixing (1 and 2) and (3 and 4) together separately, wait for at least 2days for the chemicals to ferment, then join the mixture in A and B together and mix very well. The thickness or lightness depends on the amount of water you eventually use.

Wednesday, 21 October 2015

Farm Tools And Their Uses

Farm tools are instruments we use in the farm to aid us in farm work, thereby making it easy. Such equipments include cutlass, wheel barrow hoe, shovel and axe.

The pick axe is made up of a long wooden handle with a double headed thick metal blade that is attached to the handle through a loop.

The head of the pick axe is made up of two edges, one part of the end of the blade is pointed, while the other end is flat and sharp edged. They are mainly used for breaking up of hard soil, and digging up of roots and tree stumps.

When it is viewed, the hand fork, looks like the kitchen fork we eat with, just that it is a little bit bigger, it has a short wooden or metal handle with four prongs. It is used in mixing manure into the soil, for breaking the surface of the soil, so that air and water, can pass easily and it is also used for the removal of weeds on the seed bed.

It is boat shaped or it is either curved sloop metal blade that is attached to a short wooden or metal handle. When using it, you hold it with one hand. It helps in the transplanting of seedlings, for the application of fertilizer and also for the application of manure to the soil, it helps in loosening vegetable beds, it can also be used for light weeding, sampling or mixing up of soil and digging holes for the planting of seeds.

The sickle has a curved metal blade that is fitted into a short wooden handle. The inner part of the curved metal blade is very sharp while the other part, has a blunt edge.

To recognise a sickle when been viewed, it has a structure like that of a question mark (?). It used in the plucking of fruits. This can only be possible, when it is tied to a long handle, it can also be used to harvest cereals like rice, wheat barley because they possess thin stems. It can also be used in the harvest of grasses.

It is made up of a thick heavy metal head that is fitted into a straight wooden or metal handle. At the end of the thick heavy metal there is a prong which is used for the removal of nails. The hammer can be used for driving nails into wooden structures whether in the farm or at home, it can also be used to straighten damaged or bent components of either farm implements or our home furnitures. It can also be used in the removal of nails from wood.

It is made up of a large head with a wooden handle that is similar to that of a hammer. The entire body is made up of wood. It is solely used for the hitting of woods like pegs, so that they would not be damaged in the process, when they are been hit into the ground.

The secateurs are made up of two metal blades of which one has a concave curve while the other has a convex curve that are joined together at a point. It has two short metal handles with a spring in between them when handling it; you handle with one hand, while the plant branch to be cut is held with the other free hand.

To recognise the secateurs it looks like a pair of scissors. It is used for trimming flowers and the pruning of the branches of shrubs and trees.

It is seen as a pair of an enlarged pair of scissors with two long blades, connected at a appoint by a bolt and a nut of which the blades are sharpened at one edge not the two sides in other not to injure some one.

The handle of the shears may be made of wood, metal, plastic or rubber. It is usually handled with both hands. Shears are used to prune down trees or branches of shrubs, trimming of hedges and trimming of Ornamental plants used in house decoration.

It is made up of galvanized iron which prevents it from rusting. Some are also made of very synthetic rubber. The water watering can is made up of a tank, a handle and a spout. This spout is long with a perforated metal sheet over its mouth which is referred to as the ROSE, but in case of the rubber made watering can the mouth is covered by a rubber.

It is used to apply water to crops like seedlings in a nursery and vegetables. Some times it is used in applying liquid fertilizers to crops as well as the watering of cement blocks used for the constructions of structures and buildings.

The cutlass is one of the commonest used farm tools in Nigeria. They come in various shapes and sizes. It is a flat long metal blade with a short wooden or plastic handle with one edge sharp while the other is blunt.

They perform many functions. It is used for the clearing of bushes around your homes, for the felling of big trees. It is used in harvesting crops like sugar cane, maize, cassava, yam and palm nut fruits. It is also used in the planting of melon during the planting season, cutlass can also be used for the transplanting of seedlings, weeding of crops, both in the digging of shallow holes and used in the trimming and pruning of flowers.

Hoe comes in different types, which are used in Nigeria today. There is the West African hoe and the Indian hoe. They both have metal blades with a wooden or metal blades.

Hoes are used in tilling the soil, harvesting of crops like cassava, sweet potato and cocoyam, weeding between the rows of crops, digging of drains, making trenches and foundation of farm houses, and the making of ridges and mounds.

The hoes all over the world perform the same function but we are going to differentiate them the West African hoe is made of short curve handle while the Indian hoe has a long handle.

The West African hoe has a round metal blade while the Indian hoe has a rectangular metal blade. The blade (metal) is attached to the handle with a prong while that of the Indian hoe is attached to the handle with a hoop.

The spade is made up of a long rectangular flat blade which is attached to a fairly long cylindrical handle that widens at the posterior end to form a triangular block with a D-shaped whole for hand when used.

Spade is used for different proposes. It can be used for digging of holes and trenches around us, for leveling the ground, for making seedbeds, ridges, mounds and heaps, transplanting of seedlings like palm oil seedlings, turning the soil and the mixing of manures, light weeding in the farm and at home, mixing of cement and concrete for farm and home structures and the digging of foundations when constructing farm and home buildings.

Basic Gardening Tools and Equipment You'll Need

    Before you start your home garden activities, it's a must to provide yourself with the needed tools and equipment in your nursery. These tools and equipment must be available all the time to make your gardening works easy and convenient.

You can work peacefully and efficiently if you have a complete tools and equipment in your nursery. You would not be worrying where to borrow because you have a complete sets of them always at hand when eventualities so arises.

You don't need big amount to start collecting your tools and equipment. You can visit some agriculture stores for garden tools and buy at bargain those that are not so costly, especially during yard sales. As a gardener, you've to follow this slogan " Use the Right Tool to the Right Job" to make your gardening work successful.

Some Basic Tools and Equipment

• Shovels - A round-ended shovel should be preferred for digging especially for planting trees and smaller shrubs.

• Garden Hoes - A garden hoe is useful for weeding and cultivating soil surfaces to allow for deeper plant root penetration of nutrients and water.

• Bow Rake -Provide a good heavy duty bow rake, which has short tines on one side attached to a metal frame or 'bow.' This tool is vital for leveling the soil to make it ready for planting, or for removing large clods of earth or rocks from the soil.

• Spading Forks - The spading fork is needed to open and improve the soil. It looks like a pitchfork but has a shorter handle and wider tines. It is used to dig down into hard soil and break up the ground.

• Dull Bolo - This tool is common in the Philippines, its uses is similar with a garden used for weeding and cultivation.

• Sharp Bolo - A sharp bolo is used to cut some grasses and small branches or generally for clearing operations prior to soil cultivation.

• Garden shears - Select a pair of garden shears that fits comfortably in your hand. Shears, sometimes called clippers, are used for pruning, shaping and removing foliage or branches.

• Garden Hose - Hose is necessary to water your garden. Depending on how much there is to water a sprinkler is also a good addition to the watering garden equipment list.

• Sprinkler Can - This is essential for watering your plants. Long nozzles allow the water to come out at a very gentle flow rate and are useful for reaching across long distances. Select a watering can that has a detachable spray head - this type of watering can is perfect for watering young seedlings.

• Hand Sprayer - Hand sprayer is useful for spraying some minor insect pests that are easily managed for minor insect attack in the garden.

• Spade - Similar to shovel, but it has a square end point used for digging and making a straight plots and beds.

• Carts and wheelbarrows - are necessary to transfer some gardening tools and equipment used in your garden works. Some other uses for carts and wheelbarrows are to collect and remove your full grown vegetables from your garden and carry dirt's and grass clippings away from the garden. • Garden Pruner - When you want to shape and cut back longer plants you will use the pruner garden tool. Pruners come in two styles. One is the bypass style and the other is the anvil. Pick up a couple of varieties to see which style is best for you. Pruners that have changeable blades and parts that are possible to sharpen will assist in extending the life of this piece of gardening equipment.

• Garden Trowel - A garden trowel is also used for weeding and cultivation. Select the one with a steel blade to make it last longer in use. There are different types of handles to choose from. You can either select the one with rubber handles that make them easier to grip while using them and there are some that are designed to relieve stress from your wrist during use.

There are still some equipment to be purchased in your gardening operations, but these tools and equipment mentioned are the basics you should purchase. If you have already your bigger capital, Roto-tiller or Tractor is also important in your garden. For the meantime, be satisfied with the basic garden tools and equipment identified, you can already start you garden operations. Happy gardening!

Sunday, 4 October 2015

Exotic Pets: Stick Insects

       Stick insects have quite a few names. First of all the order to which they belong is known as either Phasmatodea or Phasmida. Then they are called stick insects in Europe and Australasia, but walking sticks or stick-bugs in America and Canada. Some also get called phasmids, leaf insects and ghost insects.

Needless to say, most of them look like twigs, sticks or leaves. The majority of stick insects come from South East Asian countries like india and Thailand, but they are abundant in many tropical climates including Australia and the southern states of America. Most of the insects that are kept as pets are Indian (or Laboratory) stick insects and they grow to around four inches long and live for around a year.

There are very bizarre species of stick insect like the Vietnamese thorny stick insect and the pink-winged flying stick insect, but they are more difficult to look after. It is better to start with the Indian common form. They will live quite contentedly in a vivarium, which is an tank for reptiles and insects.

Except for offering fresh food and water from time to time and taking out old food, there is no maintenance necessary for these animals. They will need a fairly warm climate but that is not a problem to arrange with a heater, a thermostat and a timer.

Food is not a problem for common species, The most common foods given are privet and lettuce, but they also like ivy, oak, bramble, blueberry and raspberry. You have to place enough of these plants in the vivarium to give cover for the inhabitants so that they do not feel exposed and at risk but not so much that you never get sight of them.

Make sure that there are plenty of air holes in the vivarium, but for the sake of security, they should be covered with fly screen or netting, because these creatures are able to wriggle through small apertures. The tanks should be kept at 70F during the day and 60F at night with moderate humidity. They can be allowed to forage for food at will, but be careful that the water supply is very shallow, because they been known to fall in and drown.

You will be flabbergasted to discover that the overwhelming majority of Indian stick insects are female, but that they do not need a male to have fertile eggs. Young become capable of laying eggs after their sixth moult, all of which moults they eat. Stick insects can lay hundreds of eggs which just drop down among the leaves on the floor of the vivarium.

If you would like to hatch them out, spray a little water on them to simulate light rain and they ought to hatch. If you do not want to be troubled with them, burn the contents of the tank after the last adult has passed away. You might need a permit to keep stick insects, particularly in the United States.

Wednesday, 17 December 2014

Benefits of Using a Qualified Pest Control Service

It is likely that at some point in the future you will require a pest control treatment completed on your property, whether this is within the home or in the yard. It might be as a result of the larger pests, such as mice or rats, entering the home or much smaller bug issues, such as an infestation of ants. Irrespective of the pest problem it often benefits to call on the services of a professional pest control contractor to make sure a problem is dealt with as soon as possible.

Hiring the services of a skilled and qualified pest control expert provides numerous benefits over self-attempting to eradicate pest and bugs, such as ants, spiders, cockroaches, squirrels, and rodents, at home. A competent pest controller has the knowledge to prevent and resolve most infestation issues, while also being able to take action in emergency situations. Once on the scene, a pest controller is able to determine the culprit for the damage and advice on the best cause of action to eradicate the problem.

The advantages of using a professional contractor are wide-ranging. An expert exterminator is able to provide an in-depth inspection and evaluation of the property to find the potential pest problems and advice the right cause of action to take. A pest controller will also have access to chemicals that are a far-sight more effective at eradicating problems while also being more friendly to the exterior and interior of a property. They also give advice on what steps need to be taken to secure a property and prevent future infestations.

To completely eliminate a problem, a pest inspector will provide an extensive inspection of the property. This is likely to involve examining each area of the home to establish the parts that might be at risk or have already been infested. They might also inspect the area to determine other pests that might be within close proximity to the property. On completion of the property review, the professional pest controller is able to offer a choice of services dependent on the type of pest and extent of infestation. Services offered might consist of pre-treatments, pest termination or removal, cleansing the infected areas, as well as repeat visits if required.

A further advantage to using the services of the pro pest controller is the high-strength treatments and chemical available to them. Many of the products available at a local DIY store aren't that potent and can take several repeat treatments before making any noticeable difference. Professional services are also able to offer preventative treatments over a desired period of time, which is perfect for those that want long-term protection in place.

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

Termite Fumigation Issues

   Have you recently found out that you have a serious termite infestation? Have you just been told that you will have to use gas on them because it is the fastest method of termite control and you do not have any time to lose? If so, poisonous gas probably is the only answer.

However no one would condemn you for being a little concerned about having your house filled with poisonous gas. It does not sound a very healthy environment to have to live, eat and sleep in afterwards, does it? The good news is that there is little cause for concern, especially if you use a reputable firm with a history of using gas on termites.

Vikane is one of the most commonly used gases for the fumigation of termites. It is usually used with a practice called tenting. Tenting means quite literally erecting a tent over the whole structure involved, say your house.

The tent is then sealed as much as possible, the Vikane gas is pumped in and fans are utilized to make sure that it is circulated throughout your house, including your attic and basement. The gas is left to do its deadly work for a day within the sealed up tent and within your house.

On the second day, the tent is taken off and the house is aired using the fans again. Delicate instruments are used to determine the levels of gas in all parts of your home and when the pest controller is convinced that the levels of gas have dropped to where your house is safe for human occupancy, you will be permitted to move back in. That will typically be on the third day.

Vikane does not leave a sticky deposit, so it will not leave a film on your furnishings which you will have to clean off later. When the house has been thoroughly ventilated, all the gas will have disappeared, although there may still be a few innocuous pockets left behind rafters and joists in the attic and basement.

Tenting your house may give you grounds to think that the gas must be dangerous for surrounding wildlife or your neighbours, but this is not the reason for tenting. The tent is erected in order to retain the gas against the outside of the exterior walls of your house as well, so that it is treated from inside and out, although it does help stop wasting gas also.

This tenting method of fumigation with Vikane is a very successful method of eliminating an infestation of termites from a building. In fact, it is so efficient that your contractor should issue you with a warranty, although you may have to have the process repeated every year or two in order to maintain the warranty.

Sunday, 1 June 2014

5 Tips for Choosing a Pest Controller

     Have you just seen pests like rats, ants or roaches in your house lately? If so, you may have a serious pest problem. For the most part, folks hire pest control companies when they come across pests in their homes.

Although companies have made different types of chemicals for pest control, it is still the best idea to get this task handled by a professional. Most pests contain very harmful toxins and are capable of causing health problems. Therefore, it can be too risky to do the job on your own. The right choice is to seek a professional pest exterminator.

Choosing A Pest Exterminator

If you have decided on seeking the services of a pest exterminator, then one of the first things you must do is to evaluate a company's reputation and services. If you make a poor choice, you will end up with poor results. As a matter of fact, unreliable companies perform poor job and pests come back again after a week or two. Therefore, you would like to follow the following tips while seeking a company.

Company track record

First off, run a check on the background of the company you find reliable. Go online, browse review web sites, scan through several reviews and make sure you choose the most reliable and reputable company. Almost all the reputable companies have their official sites where you can search for further information.


Different pest exterminators have experience with different types of pests. Therefore, you must find one that can effectively address your problem. If you have to deal with a cockroach problem, for example, you should go for a service provider having experience exterminating cockroaches.


Reliable companies always belong to some organization be it local or international. What is the benefit of a company that is associated with organizations? Well, the thing is that registered companies are well established and they follow code of ethics when it comes to making deadlines.