Pesticides Control

Stopping Chinch bugs, Borers, Aphids and Caterpillars


Animal-rearing has its origins in the transition of cultures to settled farming communities..

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Friday, 8 December 2017


You can produce bar/tablet soap by cold or hot system. For this seminar, we shall describe the cold system production which ensures good quality and durability. What is cold system? It is the process of soap production by which no heat is applied besides when the oil is sleepy (or solid form). Heat is then applied to turn it liquid form yet it is a cold system.
(1)            3 big containers of choice (half drum/full drum may be okay). One of the three is for mixing the components.
(2)            One big strong table with wire cutters for bar or tablet.
   (3)  Hydrometer                   
(4)     hand gloves,
  (5)   Scrapper                        
(6)     Two strong paddles
  (7)   2 Graded buckets          
(8)     One tea cup
  (9)   Mould                  
(10)   Nylon        
(11)   Thumb Tack
  (12) Jug depending on the quantity you are producing.
(1)            Palm Kernel Oil (PKO)
(2)            Caustic soda either pearls or flakes
(3)            Sodium silicate        (4)     Colourant
(5)     Perfume.
NB:- The caustic soda for soap making must be soaked overnight with water, this is called fermentation. The PKO must be in liquid form.
          After soaking caustic soda overnight, check the acidity of the solution with your hydrometer. If the solution levels with 1275 of your hydrometer, it is a normal gauge. The soap produced with this gauge will not be corrosive to hands or body. If the gauge is below the above number, then it is acidic. If it is above 1275 up to 1250 then it is watery and should need more soda pearls or flakes.
          The normal ration of PKO and soda solution is 2.1 that mean two buckets of PKO should go for one bucket of soda solution, two cups of PKO to one cup of soda solution etc.
          Haven measured out the PKO and soda solution in different containers with your small buckets of same size one for soda, one for PKO.
Pour the PKO into a bigger container where all components will be mixed together. Add hardening agent to it and turn very well.
 And sodium silicate ½ tea cup for 20 litres of PKO.
And your desired colourant which might be oil base or water base.
Perfume the mixture and stir very well with paddle.
Pour the mixture into mould already prepared with Nylon and thumbtack, allow to solidify.
The next day, remove the solid soap from mould on to your strong table that has either bar wire cutter or tablet cutter. Cut as desired and stamp. Pack in cartons for selling or usage.

Monday, 10 April 2017


Jute leaves are consumed in various parts of the world. It is a popular vegetable in West Africa. The Yoruba of Nigeria call it "ewedu". The Hausa people of Nigeria and their Fulbe neighbours call it "rama." They use it to produce soup
("taushe") or boil the leaves and mix it with "Kuli-kuli" or groundnut cake and consume the mixture which they call "kwado" in Hausa. The Hausa peasant farmers cultivate it beside their corn-stalk constructed homesteads or among
their main crops in their farms. Jute needs a plain alluvial soil and standing water. The suitable climate for growing jute (warm and wet) is offered by the monsoon climate, during the monsoon season.

Nutritional values of jute leaves
Nutrients                       Boiled
Moisture (%)                  80.4 – 84.1
Food energy (cal.)                    43 - 58
Protein (g)                      4.5 –5.6
Fiber (g)                         1.7 –2.0
Total Carbohydrates (g) 7.6 – 12.4
Ash (g)                           2.4
Calcium (mg)                 266 - 366
Phosphorus (mg)           97 - 122
Iron (mg)                        11.6
Sodium (mg)                  12
Potassium (mg)              444
Vit. A (I.U.)                   6,390
Thiamine (mg) (Vit.B1) 15
Riboflavin (mg) (Vit.B2) 28
Niacin (mg) (Vit.B3)      1.5
Ascorbic acid (mg)         95

Jute leaf’s medicinal values and uses
There are so many jute and allied fibre crops varieties developed, released and used at farmers’ level for commercial cultivation. All those varieties leaves have both vegetable and medicinal values. Jute leaf has long been used as a remedy in many cultures. The jute leaf contains over 17 active nutrient compounds including many minerals, amino acids and vitamins. Today, this multi utility versatile plant part is considered to cure Mankind’s different health problems. There are many natural medicinal herbs, but jute leaf is granted with vast array of healing benefits. Although, jute leaf has wide spectrum of the properties and uses. Jute leaf contains protein, calories, fibres and as well as antitumor promoters; Phytol and Monogalactosyl-diacylglycerol. It may reduce risk of cancer. Therefore jute leaf has a great importance in terms of human nutrition, health and beauty care. In future, controlled studies are required to prove the effectiveness of jute leaf under the various conditions.

  Jute leaves is even use as medicine against measles and is been in step

Measles is a highly contagious infection, initial signs and symptoms typically include fever, often greater than 40o C (104.0o  F), cough, runny nose, and inflamed eyes.
  1. After uprooting or you buy it from market, make sure you buy didn’t buy the leave only, the leave, stem, and the root.
  2. After that wash it with water and put it a cook, add water, and cook. Don’t add salt or maggi, boil with water only.
  3. After boiling the jute leave, give the person that contact the measle to drink the boil jute("ewedu").  100% sure.

Friday, 7 April 2017

Importance of a Balanced Diet

      The adage in computer language "Garbage in... Garbage out" is relevant to the food we take. We get energy to do work by assimilating the good we consume. We are spending energy every second to breathe, walk, stand and even to think. The quality of food we consume, our mood and time taken, play important role in determining our health, energy levels and happiness. Therefore, look closely at different types of food and the effect they produce on us. The food we take can be divided into five categories:

(i) Biogenic foods: They contain life generating forces and are used for detoxifying the body, e.g. sprouted seeds, sprouted grains, fresh fruit and raw vegetables and juices.

(ii) Whole grains, bread, cereals, cooked vegetables etc.

(iii) Milk and milk products.

(iv) Acid forming food: Meat, sugars, starches, eggs. These foods burden the body with excessive acidity and cause irritability.

(v) Processed food: Tinned, frozen heavily processed foods, refined and concentrated foods. These have little nutrients and are considered responsible for development of disease.

The first two categories of foods -- biogenic and vegetarian food - are easy to digest and can cater to body's requirement for energy. These food items have all the nutrients needed for body's repair and renewal. The other categories of food have less nutrients and are consumed more for taste than for nutritional value. These food items leave a residue of toxic wastes in the body after digestion and become source for diseases. Therefore, restrict food items to the extent possible.

Our diet normally contains a number of biostatic and bio-acidic foods (e.g. meat, fish) and heavily processed foods (e.g. tinned/frozen, refined foods). These food items decrease our vitality, makes our body susceptible to early aging and disease. The average diet also contains excessive fat and sugar. These items contribute to the accumulation of wastes in tissues which impair cellular nutrition and encourage formation of something like sludge in the blood stream that impedes good circulation. Consequently, our body is burdened with excessive acidity, irritability and flabbiness. It is therefore, not surprising that about half of us have stomach troubles at some time or other and millions have recurrent health problems. To get relief from the problems many of us take laxatives, antacids and other drugs. Excessive dependence on drugs can do more harm than good. Therefore, be more concerned about the food you take and its effect on the body.

Meat Myth: The idea that we need meat to stay healthy is untrue. Meat, fish, poultry products have animal facts concentrated form and it is difficult to assimilate. On the other hand, a mixed diet of roots, grains, vegetables, fruits -- all in minimally processed form -- are better source of quality protein and it is easier to digest. It is better to avoid these categories of food or consume in small quantities, i.e. about half pound a week.

Too much fat dulls the brain: It has been established that when someone eats a meal with high content of fats, the fats form a film around red blood cells and encourages them to stick together or form clump. This clumping causes small capillaries to clog and as a result about 20% normal blood circulation is lost. Consequently, the oxygen available for our cells is reduced by about 30%. Too much fats in diet interfere with the clarity of mind.

Reduce coffee: Coffee contains caffeine and it is a drug. It stimulates central nervous system, pancreas, heart and cerebral cortex and that is why when you drink coffee you feel temporarily more alert. Every time you drink a coffee you are getting about 100 mg. of caffeine (ordinary tea yields 40-60 mg.). In case you drink 2-8 cups a day the dosage could be dangerous. Caffeine has been shown to affect the heart causing it to beat rapidly and irregularly. It can also increase the level of free fatty acids in your blood, stimulate secretion of excess acid in the stomach and raise blood pressure. Recent studies have shown habitual coffee drinking may lead to certain mental illness like depression and anxiety neurosis. Therefore, cut down intake of coffee.

Learning to eat sensibly is the first step towards achieving health and happiness. Consume balanced diet, eliminate causes of indigestion and cultivate healthy food habits. Then it will be easier to find happiness.

Balanced diet: To supply all the nutrients needed by the body, have a general idea of what constitutes a balanced diet.

Quantum of food consumed (percentage of food taken)

Food items

50% Carbohydrates such as rice, whole grain, bread cereals, simple sugars not to exceed 10% 30-35% Fats, e.g. eggs, butter, cheese 15-20% Protein, e.g. dairy products, meat

Further, to keep the body in good shape, we need to take 8 glasses of water and consume at least 50 gms. of fibre every day.

Causes of indigestion: It takes about five hours for digestion of food in the stomach. Eating in between meals and at frequent intervals or taking snacks etc., causes strain on digestive processes and results in indigestion.

Eating and drinking together. When liquids are drunk at the same time as food is eaten it means that digestive juices are diluted and their potency diminishes.

Eating acid fruits and starchy foods together.

Dietary guide lines:

(i) Avoid distractions during meals, i.e, reading,, T.V. viewing, arguments etc. Eat slowly. Never hurry through a meal and masticate your food as thoroughly as possible. Spend about 20-30 minutes for each meal.

(ii) Always come to a meal when you are hungry. If appetite is lacking don't try to "coax" it by means of dainty tit bits, relishes etc. Miss a meal or two or take only fruit diet, until real appetite returns.

(iii) Never eat to repletion. Always leave the table feeling that you could eat more and leave a quarter of stomach empty. Do not sit down to a meal feeling worried, over-excited, tired or in a bad temper.

(iv) Over eating is the principal cause for obesity. The overweight are prone to many complaints: disease of liver, kidneys and heart.

(v) Increase intake of fruits and vegetables: They are valuable sources of vitamins and minerals. These items contain fiber (plant cellulose), assist in keeping the intestinal tract moist and help in elimination.

(vi) Alcohol: This provides higher number of calories and few nutrients. Moderation would be helpful.

(vii) Our body requires about 45 nutrients to maintain good health. It is not possible to keep track of even a fraction of these nutrients. Therefore, eat a variety of foods. It is also a good idea to eat as much fresh foods as possible and avoid processed, tinned foods.

The old saying -- we are what we eat -- is true. Many of our health problems could be linked to the food we take; very often we hurry through our meals, triggering indigestion. Therefore, to improve your health and happiness, be little more concerned about the food you take and make wise choices everyday.

Friday, 31 March 2017

The Most Venomous Animals

Venom is a form of toxin secreted by an animal for the purpose of causing harm to another. Venomous are poisonous or injurious to all living cells and if cares is not taking it will spread through all the body.
Let take Snake { reptiles} as an example, once it bit venomous will spread through body and go straight to the heart first. It lead to death once the antidox is not using.
• Snake
• Scorpion
I. River rat / Nutria Or Coypus.
• Lizards
• Snake
Snake is a limbless scaly elongate reptile; some are venomous. Snake [reptiles] of the suborder Serpents that can be distinguished from legless lizards by their lack of eyelids and external ears.
venom is injected by unique fangs after a bite, and some species are also able to spit. venom is highly modified saliva containing zootoxins which facilitates the immobilization and digestion of prey, and defends against threats.
Some plants that can be planted around your backyard to repel snakes naturally
1. Tulbaghia Violacea
2. West Indian Lemon Grass
3. Garlic
4. Cinnamon
And some plant attract snake, Some odur of some plant call in snake and an environment where chicken are rear, especially in dessert it attract snake and some plant too around in an environment.
• Scorpion Scorpions are predatory arachnids of the order Scorpions. They have eight legs and are easily recognized by the pair of grasping pedipalps and the narrow, segmented tail, often carried in a characteristic forward curve over the back, ending with a venomous stinger. Scorpions range in size from 9 mm / 0.3 in. to 23 cm / 9 in. Scorpion stings are painful but are usually harmless to humans.
Scorpions prefer areas where the temperatures range from 20 to 37 °C (68 to 99 °F) and it appear where dirty are store or dirty environment, clean up your area to prevent scorpions. All known scorpion species possess venom and use it primarily to kill or paralyze their prey so that it can be eaten. In general, it is fast-acting, allowing for effective prey capture. However, as a general rule, they will kill their prey with brute force if they can, as opposed to using venom.
Scorpion anatomy:
1 = Cephalothorax or Prosoma;
2 = Abdomen or Mesosoma;
3 = Tail or Metasoma;
4 = Claws or Pedipalps
5 = Legs;
6 = Mouth parts or Chelicerae;
7 = pincers or Chelae;
8 = Moveable claw or Tarsus;
9 = Fixed claw or Manus;
10 = Stinger or Aculeus;
11 = Telson (follows anus in previous joint).

I. River rat / Nutria Or Coypus
Coypus is called [Asin in Yoruba language] and is no as a poisonous rat with offensive odour. Coypus live in burrows alongside stretches of water. They feed on river plant stems. Various rat poisons [Lasal fever] used to control rodents have potent effects on people if ingested.

      My name is Yusuf Rasheed. Fumigate your environment against rodent and replite this my blog site

Friday, 24 March 2017

Stick To A Healthy Lifestyle - How To Eat A Balanced Diet For Weight Loss

      What is the best diet for weight loss? If you search online and browse in bookstores, you'll find hundreds of them. But you have to be wary. A lot of them look attractive, but they might not be the healthiest option for you. There are many weight loss diet plans that tend to overcomplicate your eating and weight loss habits, too! What then is the best diet for weight loss that you should follow?

Cut Back Your Fat And Sugar Intake

First thing to consider is to apply the combination of eating healthy and at the same time curtailing your fat and sugar intake. More importantly, you should be physically active. An effective exercise routine should be part of your weight loss plan.

If you've been inclined on eating sugary and fatty junk foods and have limited physical activity, you basically need a change of lifestyle so that you will lose weight. Not that you have to do it drastically. Healthy weight loss needs you to adjust your healthy eating plan gradually. If you force and do it abruptly, dieting could be hard on your body. Likewise don't be too keen to overwhelm your body with heavy exercises at the beginning. Don't be so hasty in running a marathon if you've had zero exercise in the first place. In your diet and exercise plan to lose weight, take time to commence with it one baby step to the next at a time.

How to begin your diet for losing weight? Make a start by stopping your weight gain. That is, you should stop gaining weight first. Be careful with the foods that you eat. Restrict your consumption of sugars and fats. The best diet for weight loss includes a balanced diet. Take note that numerous fad diets do not fall into the category of balanced diets at all. Some of them would require you to eat too much of one nutrient, such as protein while skipping another important food group such as whole grains. Often, fad diets also cut out dairy foods in your meals. These diets are not filling and healthy.

Eat A Healthy And Balanced Diet- Change Your Lifestyle

Vegetables are part of a healthy diet and eating them will make you lose weight. However, see to it that your vegetable consumption can be a sustained eating habit and lifestyle. For a balanced diet to burn calories and shed pounds, prepare 3 servings of fruits and veggies, 2 servings of dairy foods (at least), 1 or 2 portions of meat and nuts and seeds for your meals.

In the process of losing weight, detoxify your body. Cut out your intake of fatty and sugary foods. While doing so after some time, you'll notice that you'll get rid and get used to skipping sweets and fatty foods wherein you'll feel you're as healthy as can be.

Apply The Magic Formula For Weight Loss- Burn Calories

Healthy weight loss is not all about dieting. To optimize your health and fitness program, you have to exercise. The magic formula for fast and healthy weight loss remains, and that is to burn more calories than you eat. Fifteen minutes of exercise a day is sufficient for an effective health and fitness program. You simply won't lose weight but will feel healthy and energized as well.

Make that decision to lose weight and be healthy. It's a wise decision that will affect the longevity and quality of your life. Adhere to a healthy and balanced diet for weight loss, exercise regularly and limit your consumption of junk food. You'll be healthier and happier and have the zest to succeed in life.

Tips To Burn Body Fat Effectively

Getting rid of fat is the dream of a lot of people, in fact many of them try to cut fat on a specific place on the body, they then devote their attention on a single part, when they should focus on exercising the whole body.

Living with fat on the body might seem without consequences, but the reality is that excessive presence of fat on your body can cause you many medical complications, diabetes, heart diseases, high cholesterol, hypertension, breast cancer etc, fortunately you can get rid of the fat on your body with some tips.

-Get enough sleep every night:
Most adults feel good after 7 or 8 hours of sleep. Sleeping less than five hours or more than eight hours each night can increase your risk of accumulating fat in your body if you are under 40, according to a US study. Getting a good quality and enough sleep, can also help you improve your mood and reduce your stress level. This also reduces your risk of accumulating fat because people under stress tend to have a high level of the hormone cortisol, which is related with the accumulation of fat.

-Burn calories with a daily exercising:
Just combine a cardio training with 20-30 minutes of weight training at least 2 times a week will help you burn the fat throughout your body. Add a goal of at least 30 minutes of jogging, swimming or any other exercise more than 5 times a week. Alternatively, aim to do at least 20 minutes of vigorous physical exercising (such as running) three days a week.

-Start cycling more often during the week:
Cycling is a very effective way to cut some fat throughout your body, it can also strengthen and tone your lower body. With an hour of cycling, you may burn between 500 and 1000 calories, depending on the speed and resistance.

Try those tips to cut some fat and stay in shape.

Program Yourself For A Successful Fat Burn process:

The idea of the program is to be able for you to develop a consistent approach to weight loss as well as a healthy endurance when exercising. Of course the objective of that program is to get rid of the excesses in your body, the excess fat. Not the healthy and lean muscle tissues and body fluids.

The program first requires your focus and dedication, so therefore you need to be prepared in both mind and � of course � body.

It is important that when starting on any weight loss program, one should be positive enough to work for the results. Some people get impatient easily but long term effects are assured as long as one sticks to the weight loss plan at hand.

Stretch, stretch and stretch some more. Before actually doing those exercises and working out those muscles, a little stretching is needed in order to avoid any injury or soreness in your body.

It is also not advisable for anyone to try too hard. Everything should be done in moderation. Find the level of exercise and training that suits you. It should be enough for you to be comfortable in but not too convenient that it will not be much of a challenge.

The first week:

The first day of the program involves a long and steady walk in a little over twenty minutes. After the walk, follow it up with a good stretch. This takes so little of your time for the first day. In less than an hour you have taken that first step to a weight loss program that could work to your advantage.

By the second day, it is good to focus on an upper body workout. This maintains your strength to be able to go through the whole program for the week. On the third day, a brisk walk or jog for ten minutes is in order. For beginners, a lower body workout should be done in the evening.

In the fourth day, a good rest is in order, as well as a good stretch. This lag time should be used wisely though to sort out any negatives in your mindset. The fifth day starts with a good ten minute walk. Exercise the lower body in four sessions of workouts, follow this up with another ten minute walk, and another four sessions of lower body workout.

The sixth day should be spent on a low impact exercise such as swimming. To avoid boredom, do not be afraid to try something new. The last day of the week is a time to solicit the support of the people you care about. Spend time with them or get them to be with you in your long walk. Again, follow up your walk with a light upper body workout.

This is just the beginning though. If by this first week you are able to stick to the program, you have a great chance to further boost your weight loss and stay with the plan until you achieve your desired result. Try as much as possible to be unlike the people who give up easily just because they could not see the result they want at the time they want � like this moment, today, now! Patience is a virtue. The same way it took your body time to gain all that weight, think about it as the time your body will have to exert just to get rid of it.

Sunday, 5 March 2017

Termite Fumigation Poison Gas Effectiveness

  Whole structure poison gas fumigation performed for complete termite eradication is a complex procedure. There are a number of critical steps that must be completely followed, in order to obtain a successful treatment. Commercial fumigators' know the detailed information needed for an effective treatment application to occur.
Most fumigation firms hire experienced, and highly educated, knowledgeable and licensed professionals. However; far too often, these professionals are forced to supervise and delegate the technically skilled responsibilities to uneducated laborers, who end up actually performing many of the important protocol treatment procedures. This is equivalent to, a hospital hiring an apprentice construction laborer to assist in administering anesthesia to patients during surgical operations. Obviously some patients will never wake up, while others will endure unwanted surgery pain. In both instances, the anesthesia administration fails.

Over application of poison gas during fumigation, does indeed effectively kill all the termites, but it also highly increases the risk of poisoning the occupants within days of re-entering the structure treated. Keep in mind, there is no antidote for gas poisoning and it often results in death. Likewise, if the amount of fumigate used is less than the amount labeled as needed, the treatment will not be 100% effective. In most cases, fumigation clients will never know if their fumigation was successful in eradicating the termites effectively, because the termites not killed, stop feeding on wood and instead feed on the carcasses of the dead. The period of carcass consumption can take months, and during that time, there is no longer any wood fecal matter being excreted at areas of prior infestation to indicate an active infestation. Upon completion of the colony carcass consumption, a wood diet will resume and the colony will thrive to reestablish itself.

The following are detailed procedures needed to assure effective termite fumigation. All of these procedures should be strictly adhered to, by an accredited fumigation professional to lessen the risk of treatment failure.

1. Customer should be educated about the fumigation process and all the limitations involved.

2. Properly advise customer and tenant, of all food and non food fumigation preparations.

3. Acquire an accurate cubic footage calculation of the area to be fumigated.

4. Conduct a full assessment of any items that may impact the fumigation.

5. Analyze all the factors that may hinder an effective treatment process.

6. Provide customer written disclosure of anticipated and unfavorable damages that may occur.

7. Offer the customer options to reduce unavoidable potential damages.

8. Employ workers who display strict fumigation treatment disciplines and honest work ethics.

9. Prepare applicable and favorable ground conditions around the structure.

10. Achieve a secure physical attachment of all tarp to maintain a controlled environment.

11. Establish an effective seal at ground level of the fumigation tarp to prevent gas escape.

12. Have a fumigation professional present during all stages of tarp, gas release and aeration.

13. Introduce the correct calculated measured amount of poison gas into the tarp and sealed structure.

14. Assure on site professional's proper use of gas level monitoring equipment.

15. Attain aeration to allow, safe re-occupancy by using a proper functioning gas analyzer.

16. Provide occupant a 24 hour contact phone number during and after job completion.

Whole structure fumigation for termite, has a high level of efficacy when correctly applied. Dry wood termite will die in about 3 days, when exposed to proper poison gas levels. If no evidence of termite becomes visually apparent for a 16 month period after the fumigation, then one can safely assume that the fumigation was effective.

Author is a retired structural pest engineer expert.

During his 30 years work in the industry he has just about seen and done it all.

Karl is also an active environmental advocate for the increased use of alternative no poison gas, no-chemical safe green treatment methods.